Cultural UNESCO World Heritage Inscriptions 2013Honghe Hani Rice Terraces, China - The landscape of the 16,000 hectares of picturesque rice terraces have just been inscribed on the world heritage list. Located in south Yunnan province in China, the Honghe Hani rice terraces run from the Ailao Mountains, right down to Hong River. And the resident Hani people implemented and perfected a complicated irrigation system over more than 1,300 to channel waters from the forests atop the mountains. Mount Fuji, Japan – The beautiful, snow-tipped Fujisan, aka Mount Fuji, in Japan has been added to the UNESCO register. The stratovolcano, which rises to 12,388 feet (3,776 m) last erupted in 1707. The very first ascent was in 663 AD and over the centuries Fuji has been the inspiration for artists, poets, musicians and craftsmen. Pictured above, looming over Tokyo city. Agadez, Niger – The rich heritage of Agadez is highlighted within its earthen buildings including palaces, minarets and churches. The historic center of Agadez lies next to the Sahara Desert and is especially notable for its traditional handicraft practices.
Levuka, Fiji – The former Fijian colonial capital in Melanasia was Levuka which came under British rule in 1874. The historical port town represents the colonial commercial industries, as well as the naval powers of the time and is an important Pacific port town settlement.Red Bay Basque Whaling Station, Canada – The archaeological site of Red Bay was formed in the 16th century by the Basque mariners. The whaling station in Labrador in Canada was founded in the 1530s for the purpose of whaling and the butchery process, until no local whales remained just 70 years later. University of Coimbra, Portugal – The rich architecture that makes up the Coimbra University complex of buildings has earnt it a place on this year’s heritage list. Located in Coimbra in central Portugal, includes cultural hotspots such as the 12th century Santa Cruz Cathedral and Royal Palace of Alcáçova; home to the main university. There is also the baroque Joanine Library and an 18th century Botanical Garden. Tserkvas of the Carpathian Region, Poland and Ukraine – The 16 tserkvas, aka churches, make up the new UNESCO inscription. The churches are constructed of wood, with the oldest dating back to the 16th century and are located within the Polish and Ukrainian Carpathian Region in Eastern Europe. Al Zubarah, Qatar – The important trading center of Al Zubarah on the coast of Qatar rose to prominence thanks to the local pearl trade in the 18th century. The Archaeological site in the gulf was frequented by merchants and contains important heritage and culture, including mosques, palaces and houses all set within the walled town. Hill Forts of Rajasthan, India – Six majestic hill forts within the Indian region of Rajasthan make up this new UNESCO inscription. Including the rich and varied architecture of the Chittorgarh, Jaipur, Kumbhalgarh, Jaisalmer, Sawai Madhopur and Jhalawar hill forts. The opulence of these walled forts that date back to the 8th century, amply display the power and influence of the period.