The majority of the land, around 73%, that makes up Borneo is Indonesian territory, while Malaysia makes up around 26% and Brunei only accounts for 1%. The entire area has a long rich history as Borneo was once a trading spot for several centuries. Many people flock here because of the nature that surrounds the area as much of Borneo is lush tropical forests that is home to many species of wildlife, flora, fauna and birdlife. The most notable being the orangutans in Borneo, which is only one of two places on earth that orang-utans can be found in their own natural habitat. The Borneo rainforests also provide an excellent opportunity for adventure activities such as trekking, climbing and hiking.
Visitors to Kalimantan in Indonesian Borneo should visit the Tanjung Puting National Park, which is home to both orangutans and many other species of monkeys that people rarely get to the see in the wild. Most of those that do decide to go to this place usually spend a few days in the park after hiring a boat so that they can literally spend their nights on the river that flows through the park and leave your Borneo hotel behind.
There are tons of things to do that relate to the nature found in the area of Sepilok on your Borneo tours. Most of the tours of these parks are focused around introducing tourists to the natural wildlife that is found in the area, and preserving these wildlife species so that future generations can see them. In Sepilok, there is the Rainforest Rediscovery Center in which tourists can educate themselves on the things that are surrounding them. Plus, there is also the Selingan Turtle Island that is where tourists have a kick out of helping to free these little sea turtles so that they can start on their young lives. Children especially enjoy this aspect of Borneo.
The Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Center is a popular choice for those on Borneo holidays and is a great place to visit to see orangutans in Borneo up close and personal. The difference between going to this location and go throughout nature is that you have guaranteed times in which you will see the orangutans up close and personal at the rehab center. The staff has set feeding times, so that those that come during these times are going to see the orangutans Borneo come out of the jungle to get their food.
There is also diving and snorkeling in the areas of Sipadan for travelers on holiday in Borneo and the sites are recommended for both novice divers as well as experienced divers. Most of those who do partake on this activity say that it is a once in a lifetime diving moment in which can be found anywhere else in the world. When in this area, for those that do not want to dive, there is also the Danum Valley Conservation Area that many visit in order to get closer to nature. There are jungles in Sipadan that are complete with a jungle hut for people to visit. Plus, within the same boundaries is the ancient burial ground of the area that many people visit in order to learn more about ancient civilizations.
Another must thing to do while travelling in Borneo is to visit the Monsopiad Cultural Village, which is not only a learning experience, but one that will stick with you for many years to come. The village is located a few minutes from Kota Kinabalu and Sipadan. The tribe that lives in this village was once headhunters, however, they are primarily surviving off of tourism and the land. There is still a hut that is dedicated to showing off the head bones, and other body bones that the warriors have managed to capture after many years. The descendants that are now maintaining the tribe are not headhunters themselves, they just come from a long line of those that were.
For those that are into extreme sports and adventure activities then a must visit area is Mount Kinabalu. This is the highest mountain in Borneo and Malaysia that is an ideal opportunity for hiking, trekking and climbing. To the top and back people can expect to spend a minimum of two days getting the obstacle completed. However, those that are slower, could take longer. The mountain is approximately 4,092 meters tall and should be an experience that the avid mountain climber will always remember. There is also white water rafting in the area as well for those that are looking for a thrill.
Sabah is the second largest Malaysian state and is in the north east of Borneo. The capital of the state of Sabah is Kota Kinabalu and is named after Mount Kinabalu. Gomantung Cave is a place that many people visit when on Borneo tours. This cave is known to be one of the largest bird nests in the world as well as being the largest limestone cave in the country.
The city of Kota Kinabalu is often abbreviated to just KK both locally and to travelers visiting. KK is probably the most well known destination in Borneo and it is now a popular starting point for many travelers wishing to explore both Sabah and Borneo. The second largest city in Sabah, Sandakan, is also a popular choice.
Sarawak is the largest state in Malaysia and it is also one of the two states of Malaysia that make up the island of Borneo. If you’re looking for a hotel in Borneo there is plenty of choice within Sarawak. Sarawak is better known locally as Bumi Kenyalang which translates as the “Land of the Hornbills”. The state of Sarawak, which has a population of 2.4 million, lies in the north west of Borneo island and the capital city is Kuching, where many people begin their holidays in Borneo.
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